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Is Hazrat Fatima's position higher than that of her infallible sons?
Date 17 February 2019 & Clock 17:34
Question 41:Is Hazrat Fatima's position higher than that of her infallible sons?
Answer 41: Hazrat Fatima enjoyed a high rank and many virtues. She was a muhadditha (reporter of her father's words and conducts). It is narrated from Imam Ja'far Sadiq (a.s.) in Behar Al-Anwar Vol.1 pg. 88, that after the death of the Holy Prophet (pbuh), Gabriel would descend upon Fatima to console her and talk to her about the status and position of her father and children after her. Hazrat Ali (a.s.) wrote the dialogues which were gathered into a book and later called Mushaf-e Fatima.
Mushaf-e Fatima is the source of the Infallible Imams' knowledge with details and information about all the events that have occurred and will occur until the day of Judgement. Of course, other interpretations are also there concerning the narrations about this book. In short, if we take the above into consideration, these are the virtues that have existed with Hazrat Zahra only not with the infallible Imams (a.s.). Perhaps, the saying of Imam Hasan Askari could be a good indication of her virtue and rank as compared to the Imams. He said, "We are the hojja (proofs) of God on the people and Fatima is the hojja of God on us." Yes, although Hazrat Fatima's acts, conduct and sayings are authoritative for us but she did not bear the position of Imamat which is particular to Imam Ali and his eleven infallible sons. The position of Imamat is successorship of the Holy Prophet (pbuh) as ordained and determined by God. According to the traditions, Hazrat Fatima enjoys all the ranks of the Imams (a.s.) except the position of Imamat. They are therefore from a single noor (light).